Hydrodynamic finite-size scaling of the thermal conductivity in glasses

In the past few years, the theory of thermal transport in amorphous solids has been substantially extended beyond the Allen-Feldman model. The resulting formulation, based on the Green-Kubo linear response or the Wigner-transport equation, bridges this model for glasses with the traditional Boltzmann kinetic approach for crystals. The computational effort required by these methods usually scales as the cube of the number of atoms, thus severely limiting the size range of computationally affordable glass models.

Seebeck Coefficient of Liquid Water from Equilibrium Molecular Dynamics

The application of a temperature gradient to an extended system generates an electromotive force that induces an electric current in conductors and macroscopic polarization in insulators. The ratio of the electromotive force to the temperature difference, usually referred to as the Seebeck coefficient, is often computed using nonequilibrium techniques, such as nonequilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD).

Distinguishing different stackings in layered materials via luminescence spectroscopy

Despite its simple crystal structure, layered boron nitride features a surprisingly complex variety of phonon-assisted luminescence peaks. We present a combined experimental and theoretical study on ultraviolet-light emission in hexagonal and rhombohedral bulk boron nitride crystals. Emission spectra of high-quality samples are measured via cathodoluminescence spectroscopy, displaying characteristic differences between the two polytypes.

First-principles study of luminescence in hexagonal boron nitride single layer: Exciton-phonon coupling and the role of substrate

Hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) is a wide band gap material with both strong excitonic light emission in the ultraviolet and strong exciton-phonon coupling. Luminescence experiments performed on the recently synthesized monolayer form (m-hBN) present emission spectra that differ from one another, with some suggesting a coexistence between phonon-assisted and direct emission channels. Motivated by these results, we investigated the optical response of (m-hBN) using an ab initio approach that takes into account the effects of atomic vibrations on the luminescence spectra.

Magnon-phonon interactions enhance the gap at the Dirac point in the spin-wave spectra of CrI3 two-dimensional magnets

Recent neutron-diffraction experiments in honeycomb CrI3 quasi-2D ferromagnets have evinced the existence of a gap at the Dirac point in their spin-wave spectra. The existence of this gap has been attributed to strong in-plane Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya or Kitaev (DM/K) interactions and suggested to set the stage for topologically protected edge states to sustain non-dissipative spin transport.

Strong Coupling of Coherent Phonons to Excitons in Semiconducting Monolayer MoTe2

The coupling of the electron system to lattice vibrations and their time-dependent control and detection provide unique insight into the nonequilibrium physics of semiconductors. Here, we investigate the ultrafast transient response of semiconducting monolayer 2H-MoTe2 encapsulated with hBN using broadband optical pump–probe microscopy.

Heat conductivity from energy-density fluctuations

We present a method, based on the classical Green-Kubo theory of linear response, to compute the heat conductivity of extended systems, leveraging energy-density, rather than energy-current, fluctuations, thus avoiding the need to devise an analytical expression for the macroscopic energy flux. The implementation of this method requires the evaluation of the long-wavelength and low-frequency limits of a suitably defined correlation function, which we perform using a combination of recently-introduced cepstral-analysis and Bayesian extrapolation techniques.

koopmans: An Open-Source Package for Accurately and Efficiently Predicting Spectral Properties with Koopmans Functionals

Over the past decade we have developed Koopmans functionals, a computationally efficient approach for predicting spectral properties with an orbital-density-dependent functional framework. These functionals impose a generalized piecewise linearity condition to the entire electronic manifold, ensuring that orbital energies match the corresponding electron removal/addition energy differences (in contrast to semilocal DFT, where a mismatch between the two lies at the heart of the band gap problem and, more generally, the unreliability of Kohn–Sham orbital energies).

Self-interaction and transport of solvated electrons in molten salts

The dynamics of (few) electrons dissolved in an ionic fluid—as when a small amount of metal is added to a solution while upholding its electronic insulation—manifests interesting properties that can be ascribed to nontrivial topological features of particle transport (e.g., Thouless’ pumps). In the adiabatic regime, the charge distribution and the dynamics of these dissolved electrons are uniquely determined by the nuclear configuration. Yet, their localization into effective potential wells and their diffusivity are dictated by how the self-interaction is modeled.

QUANTUM ESPRESSO: One Further Step toward the Exascale

We review the status of the Quantum ESPRESSO software suite for electronic-structure calculations based on plane waves, pseudopotentials, and density-functional theory. We highlight the recent developments in the porting to GPUs of the main codes, using an approach based on OpenACC and CUDA Fortran offloading. We describe, in particular, the results achieved on linear-response codes, which are one of the distinctive features of the Quantum ESPRESSO suite. We also present extensive performance benchmarks on different GPU-accelerated architectures for the main codes of the suite.