Spinorial formulation of the GW-BSE equations and spin properties of excitons in two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides

In many paradigmatic materials, such as transition metal dichalcogenides, the role played by the spin degrees of freedom is as important as the one played by the electron-electron interaction. Thus an accurate treatment of the two effects and of their interaction is necessary for an accurate and predictive study of the optical and electronic properties of these materials. Despite the fact that the GW-BSE approach correctly accounts for electronic correlations, the spin-orbit coupling effect is often neglected or treated perturbatively.

In-plane anisotropic optical and mechanical properties of two-dimensional MoO3

Molybdenum trioxide (MoO3) in-plane anisotropy has increasingly attracted the attention of the scientific community in the last few years. Many of the observed in-plane anisotropic properties stem from the anisotropic refractive index and elastic constants of the material but a comprehensive analysis of these fundamental properties is still lacking.

Localized electronic vacancy level and its effect on the properties of doped manganites

Oxygen vacancies are common to most metal oxides and usually play a crucial role in determining the properties of the host material. In this work, we perform ab initio calculations to study the influence of vacancies in doped manganites La(1−x)SrxMnO3, varying both the vacancy concentration and the chemical composition within the ferromagnetic-metallic range (0.2<x<0.5).

Evidence of ideal excitonic insulator in bulk MoS2 under pressure

Spontaneous condensation of excitons is a long-sought phenomenon analogous to the condensation of Cooper pairs in a superconductor. It is expected to occur in a semiconductor at thermodynamic equilibrium if the binding energy of the excitons—electron (e) and hole (h) pairs interacting by Coulomb force—overcomes the band gap, giving rise to a new phase: the “excitonic insulator” (EI).

Optical Signatures of Defect Centers in Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Monolayers

Even the best quality 2D materials have non‐negligible concentrations of vacancies and impurities. It is critical to understand and quantify how defects change intrinsic properties, and use this knowledge to generate functionality. This challenge can be addressed by employing many‐body perturbation theory to obtain the optical absorption spectra of defected transition metal dichalcogenides.

Hydrogen bond dynamics of interfacial water molecules revealed from two-dimensional vibrational sum-frequency generation spectroscopy

Vibrational sum-frequency generation (vSFG) spectroscopy allows the study of the structure and dynamics of interfacial systems. In the present work, we provide a simple recipe, based on a narrowband IR pump and broadband vSFG probe technique, to computationally obtain the two-dimensional vSFG spectrum of water molecules at the air–water interface.

Magnetic response and electronic states of well defined Graphene/Fe/Ir(111) heterostructure

We investigate a well defined heterostructure constituted by magnetic Fe layers sandwiched between graphene (Gr) and Ir(111). The challenging task to avoid Fe-C solubility and Fe-Ir intermixing has been achieved with atomic controlled Fe intercalation at moderate temperature below 500 K.

Interlayer Exciton Transport in MoSe2/WSe2 Heterostructures

A moiré superlattice formed by stacking two lattice mismatched transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers, functions as a diffusion barrier that affects the energy transport and dynamics of interlayer excitons (electron and hole spatially concentrated in different monolayers). In this work, we experimentally quantify the diffusion barrier experienced by interlayer excitons in hexagonal boron nitride-encapsulated molybdenum diselenide/tungsten diselenide (MoSe2/WSe2) heterostructures with different twist angles.

Conduction Band Control of Oxyhalides with a Triple-Fluorite Layer for Visible Light Photocatalysis

The discovery of building blocks offers new opportunities to develop and control properties of extended solids. Compounds with fluorite-type Bi2O2 blocks host various properties including lead-free ferroelectrics and photocatalysts. In this study, we show that triple-layered Bi2MO4 blocks (M = Bi, La, Y) in Bi2MO4Cl allow, unlike double-layered Bi2O2 blocks, to extensively control the conduction band.